Standardization of the Sizing of Muslim Women’s Clothing

by Abigail Oluwakemi
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One of the most important aspects for designers to consider when designing clothing is size and proportions. The ready-to-wear clothes business has created a system divided into many different sizes, however, this creates confusion as there are so many variations in human bodies that some people may need larger or smaller sizing than others do. It can be difficult to identify which standards will properly fit all humans based on their growth rate and physical shape but these issues have been addressed by creating categorizations within countries where they seem necessary.


For Muslim women in Indonesia, the clothes they wear are dictated by their religious beliefs. The country’s national standard measure serves as a reference for fashion designers all over the world when it comes to making ready-to-wear that applies nationwide and is used both by major and small companies alike – thanks to this uniformity Indonesians from any region can dress like each other with ease.


Clothing in Indonesia is very different from clothing that you would find at a mall or store. In the Indonesian market, there are many small and large companies making clothes for people of all shapes and sizes. This can make it difficult to shop on your own because some will fit better than others depending on what size they wear.


To reflect general body shapes or sizes, the standard sizing for ready-to-wear clothes is utilized. The establishment of standard measurements by many nations relates to several factors, including improved living circumstances, more physical activity, and enhanced medical treatment. Around the world, there are a variety of garment measurement methods, including:


Standard European Clothing Size

The European clothing size standard is based on the size of the person’s body circumference and height. This standard hasn’t worked well since it can’t yet represent the size of the European community, thus it hasn’t been adopted in its entirety.


Standard US Clothing Size

In the 1940s and 1950s, statistical data was used to create US apparel size standards, which are today known as US catalog sizes. Since the 1980s, catalogs have been used to gauge US standards.


According to this catalog, women’s sizes are classified into several categories based on their overall height, relative breast height, and pelvic height.


Standard British Clothing Size

The British Standards Institute released standard BS 3666: 1982 in 1982 for women’s clothes in the United Kingdom. This standard is indicated by numbers for sizes ranging from 8 to 32 in centimeters, but it is rarely used by manufacturers because it only defines the size of the pelvis and breast in a limited range, and there is no requirement for manufacturers or stores to use British Standards.


As a result, different sellers will give different sizes for the same garment.


Indonesia is one of the few countries without uniform clothing sizes. According to my findings, every Muslim fashion sector has its standard size.


Standard sizes are based on the shape and design of clothing. There are standard shapes for different types of clothes, depending on what they’re meant to be used for or where someone is from. Muslim women’s attire falls into a few categories: sleeveless robes without cuts or with parts around the waistline or empire line; tunic (shirt dress); caftan (long robe-like dress); abaya(clothing that covers everything except hands, feet, face).


Standard sizes S, M, L, XL, 2L to 4L, and all size measures that normally reflect sizes M and L to XL are utilized by Muslim-style women. The stretch is the variety in size between every norm. On standard size L, there are 2-4 cm stretches, just as other standard size spans.


The difference in the size of the same standard is also determined by the price difference. The prices are divided into three categories: low-cost (under $300,000), medium-cost (350-750,000), and high-cost (above 800,000).


The Indonesian designers use custom-made standards for their fashion goods. Some entrepreneurs and designers prefer to use the standard breast size holder (BH) as a guide in creating clothing because this type of tool is more accurate than measuring tape or body measurements alone.


Determination of Size Based on Consumers

Muslim fashion norms highlight that the size of clothing is determined by the consumer. To keep consumers satisfied, measurements are taken to determine if a piece fits them appropriately or not. Customer happiness comes from acquiring items they find acceptable according to studies on how much satisfaction people feel with what they buy for themselves in terms of clothes and other products related to style. The type and amount used as well as personal preferences all factor into determining whether an item will be appropriate for someone or not based on their individual needs.


Appropriate size and quality requirements are critical in establishing the garment industry’s quality, which affects consumer satisfaction.


Even though some customers are familiar with the sizes used by the garment industry, they prefer to match the garment size indicated on the label by trying it on (fitting) before purchasing.


Determination of Size Based on Numbering Labels

Jakarta’s textile market and certain malls are less about the numbers in your sizing. Instead, they utilize their size titles such as S, M, L to represent a more universal garment for everyone who shops there. Muslim women typically opt for this type of standardization because it caters specifically to them without having different number labels that may confuse some people looking at those clothes.


Standard body sizes are commonly utilized by designers in the production of fashion since they are used for manufacturing custom-made clothes depending on specific demands. While trend design and market demand affect clothing size norms.


The sizes of different clothes vary depending on the design trend and fabric used. Sizes might be in intervals, such as an S (Small). The difference between size standards is what makes them so special; for example, a standard size small having smaller body diameters than other clothing items.


For Muslim women’s clothes with a canal design and no cuts on the waist or empire line, the standard size of all sizes is utilized. All sizes relate to sizes S to L, although there are numerous sizes of all sizes that only represent M and L.


The usage of all sizes is generally adjusted to the use of specific elastic fabrics that can be adjusted to body form.


Standard sizing for Muslim clothing includes S, M, L, and all other sizes which represent the size of a consumer’s body. This standard is established based on market research as well as design choices and materials used in making each garment. In addition to these factors, there are also variations within fashion manufacturing that create different ranges of sizes with intervals between them.


Even while some customers are familiar with the sizes used by the garment industry, consumers prefer to match the size of the item written on the label (fitting) before opting to buy.

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